Aneurin Nye Bevan (1897-1960) was the man who created the National Health Service, the crowning achievement of post-secon-world-war Labour government.
The son of a miner from Monmouthshire, Wales, he became a local trade union leader at only 19, and won a scholarship to the Central Labour College in London.
In 1929, he was elected a Labour MP. Bevan believed that the war was Britain's opportunity to create a new society, a position he maintained throughout the war.
When the war ended, in 1945, the landslide Labour victory gave him the chance to help create it.