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The Caliphate of Man : Popular Sovereignty in Modern Islamic Thought

By: March, Andrew F.

0674987837 / 9780674987838
Published 27/09/2019
United States
156 x 235 mm 272 pages
Professional & Vocational  Learn More

A political theorist teases out the century-old ideological transformation at the heart of contemporary discourse in Muslim nations undergoing political change. The Arab Spring precipitated a crisis in political Islam.

In Egypt Islamists have been crushed. In Turkey they have descended into authoritarianism.

In Tunisia they govern but without the label of "political Islam." Andrew March explores how, before this crisis, Islamists developed a unique theory of popular sovereignty, one that promised to determine the future of democracy in the Middle East. This began with the claim of divine sovereignty, the demand to restore the shari'a in modern societies.

But prominent theorists of political Islam also advanced another principle, the Quranic notion that God's authority on earth rests not with sultans or with scholars' interpretation of written law but with the entirety of the Muslim people, the umma.

Drawing on this argument, utopian theorists such as Abu'l-A'la Mawdudi and Sayyid Qutb released into the intellectual bloodstream the doctrine of the caliphate of man: while God is sovereign, He has appointed the multitude of believers as His vicegerent.

The Caliphate of Man argues that the doctrine of the universal human caliphate underpins a specific democratic theory, a kind of Islamic republic of virtue in which the people have authority over the government and religious leaders.

But is this an ideal regime destined to survive only as theory?


HBJF1 Middle Eastern history, HRAM2 Religion & politics, HRH Islam

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