Overcoming Epistemic Injustice : Social and Psychological Perspectives
Part of the Collective Studies in Knowledge and Society series
Prejudice influences people's thoughts and behaviors in many ways; it can lead people to underestimate others' credibility, to read anger or hysteria into their words, or to expect knowledge and truth to 'sound' a certain way-or to come from a certain type of person.
These biases and mistakes can have a big effect on everything from an institutional culture to an individual's self-understanding.
These kinds of intellectual harms are known as epistemic injustice. Most people are opposed to unfair prejudices (at least in principle), and no one wants to make avoidable mistakes.
But research in the social sciences reveals a disturbing truth: Even people who intend to be fair-minded and unprejudiced are influenced by unconscious biases and stereotypes.
We may sincerely want to be epistemically just, but we frequently fail, and simply thinking harder about it will not fix the problem. The essays collected in this volume draw from cutting-edge social science research and detailed case studies, to suggest how we can better tackle our unconscious reactions and institutional biases, to help ameliorate epistemic injustice.
The volume concludes with an afterward by Miranda Fricker, who catalyzed recent scholarship on epistemic injustice, reflecting on these new lines of research and potential future directions to explore.