Fuelled by social equity concerns, there have been vigorous debates on the appropriateness of certain non-state actors, particularly those with commercial and entrepreneurial motives, to meet universal education goals.
There are further questions on the relative effectiveness of government and private schooling in delivering good learning outcomes for all.
Within this debate, several empirical questions abound.
Do students from poorer backgrounds achieve as well in private schools as their advantaged peers?
What are the relative out-of-pocket costs of accessing private schooling compared to government schooling?
Is fee-paying non-state provision 'affordable' to the poorest households?
What is the nature of the education market at different levels?
What are the relationships between different non-state actors and the state, and how should they conduct themselves?
The chapters in this volume present new empirical evidence and conduct critical analysis on some of these questions.
This book was originally published as a special issue of the Oxford Review of Education.